Saturday, August 4, 2012

Game Design Principles


I've been working on a game-design related project recently, and so I've been thinking about what core principles are important to keep in mind in designing any game.

1) Don't annoy the player

Many people would put something else in the #1 slot, but I'm really of the opinion that if you annoy the player, nothing else matters. They won't play your game, no matter what awesome x, y or z it has.

Things that annoy players
--> Having stuff they've earned taken away from them.
--> Dying arbitrarily
--> Ever being forced to replay through content they've already played. (ie. dying and losing a lot of progress.)

You get the idea. I'm sure you can add in your own pet peeve here.

2) Mechanics. Mechanics. Mechanics.

Story is great and all, but if they just want a story, they'll read a book. Once a player cuts through the fluff, it's the mechanics that will keep them hooked or chase them away. Good game mechanics challenge the player, force them to think, react, and choose. Good game mechanics teach a skill, and then test them on that skill. (School really should be more fun. People love doing this shit.)

3) Create interesting choices

Interesting choices are ones in which the player doesn't know the correct response, but has enough information to make an educated guess. The results of the choice should make sense in hindsight. Sometimes there isn't one right answer, but the better answer depends on your specific situation and goals. There's often an advantage, and a cost, to each choice, which makes you weigh your options and your strategy, and players like doing that.

4) Deliver meaningful challenges

Meaningful challenges essentially ones which are balanced to the player's skill level. There's a lot that goes into that, but that's essentially what it comes down to.

As we discussed above, a game essentially teaches a skill, then tests that skill. This skill may rely on logic, or reflexes, or both. (Racing games teach you when to swerve and gun it or brake. Fighting games teach you to use button combos. RTS's teach you a high level of game-specific strategy, and also just to click really fast.)

At the end of the day, whatever the skill is that the player is being taught and tested on, the Most Important Thing is that each test be just the right level to challenge a player, forcing them to learn and get a bit better in order to pass it, but not so beyond their current skill level that they can't do it.

That's essentially good game design. Teach a skill, test the skill. Test it harder. When they pass it, now harder. Okay, now even more difficult.

GTG

5) Last, but not least, build your game for a story

Basically, generic games aren't as interesting. At the end of the day, most games are a complicated way for adults to trick themselves into playing "Let's pretend" like they did when they were five. I mean, this isn't strictly required--there are many excellent games with weak stories, and many weak games with excellent stories--but the very best games bring the two together in a way that takes the player to a mystical land of wonder and beauty.

To reach this magical place, you need three things:
A) A compelling story with a strong mood, theme, and pitch.
B) Excellent game mechanics (see above.)
C) The secret ingredient: without sacrificing either of the above, use the mechanics to help tell the story.

If you can do this, and if you're very lucky, then for a minute or two you can make the player feel like they're really there.

At the end of the day, that's what it's all about.

120 comments:

  1. I very much agree with rule 1. I would love to come up with a system that fits my story very well as its easy for me to just fall into some classic systems such as Fighting Fantasy or Dungeons and Dragons etc. Making the numbers fit the story is a big challenge. I think this is what Mark Rosewater calls resonance.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yeah, there's something to be said for using classic systems. A lot of the audience will already be familiar with it, for one thing. It's also harder to go terribly wrong; the whole "tried and true" thing. But when you can create a system that synergizes well with the particular story, it can come out pretty awesome.

      Who is Mark Rosewater? I should look this up; sounds like I would like his ideas.

      Delete
    2. Re Mark Rosewater. Now you've got me started!

      Mark Rosewater is the Lead designer of Magic the Gathering who writes a weekly article called Making Magic on the main website:

      http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Archive.aspx?tag=makingmagic&description=Making Magic

      He is also my creativity guru. Even if you are not into Magic and know nothing about it, he has still written many informative articles on creativity, games design and customer relations.

      Here are a few of my favourites that are also not Magic specific:

      Connect the dots (creativity) - http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom%2Fdaily%2Fmr273

      Desgn 101, Design 102 and Design 103 -

      http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/mr68

      http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/mr132

      http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/mr253

      10 Mental Locks:

      http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/mm/12

      10 principles of good design parts 1 and 2:

      http://www.wizards.com/magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/mm/89

      http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/mm/91

      10 things every game needs -

      http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/mm/174

      I shall write a blog post with more detail on how Mark Rosewater has influenced me with my gamebooks as I read his weekly articles of analysis and design tips religiously despite not having played Magic for years. I want his babies.

      Delete
    3. Very good stuff! I'll spend some time checking these out. Maybe I can get some new posts of my own out of my thoughts on them. Thanks :)

      Delete
    4. when I used the Mod Apk versions to do that, https://androidpig.com/ gave me, with a game version lighter than the normal versions, when unlocking all

      Delete
  2. Great post Ashton, thanks for writing it up.

    Like Stuart said, I agree that you put "Don't annoy the player" first. Quick retry loops, balanced (in the eyes of the play) game systems, appropriate rewards, clear goals, etc are key to making sure you don't turn off your players. Having a mechanic and story that reinforce each other are great but if you annoy the player... they're gone (Eventually. Some are more tolerant than others.)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the comment, Denifia! The trick of course, is what may be one player's favorite thing may be another's pet peeve. But that's where we have to use our discretion as designers ;)

      Delete
  3. I could probably write a looong blog post on this myself, but generally speaking I agree with most of your points. I'd add a couple of things to your list:

    1) Customization
    Allowing the player to customize their avatar/character to suit their personality and choices. Whether players like to roll the dice and play to their stats, buy skills to suit their personality, or spend hours designing the "perfect character", almost all players enjoy this aspect of gaming.

    2) Multiple Paths
    This is pretty much a must if the game offers customization, but it is worth noting anyway. A good game offers more than one path to the goal.

    3) The world reacts
    Also known as choices have consequences in the world. If one studies CRPGs, the thing that sets the great games apart from the merely good, is the feeling that the world is reacting and being changed by the actions of the players - and not just in the big things (e.g., I just saved the world), but also the smaller actions.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Those are great points, all three, and good for me to keep in mind. I know for myself the customization aspect of spending hours designing the "perfect character" is something I hugely enjoy. I can spend hours building a pathfinder character... which may or may not be healthy, but that's a whole other question ;)

    As for providing multiple paths, and especially building the world so that it's living and breathing, and your actions really can make a difference, I agree with you that that's a lot of what separates the good games from the great ones.

    ReplyDelete
  5. I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work. blog for RC crawlers

    ReplyDelete
  6. Single player online games are played by a solitary individual for his own stimulation though a multi-player application is played by many individuals making an online network. color switch

    ReplyDelete
  7. There are a considerable measure of chances for those in the interior design and decorating industry. An interior designer can go into designing family unit, corporate or business foundations. Others have practical experience in the design of wellbeing offices or even tourism foundations. canvas prints for kitchen

    ReplyDelete
  8. Pretty! It was really a wonderful blog. Thanks for the provided information.
    casino-online-mexico.com.mx

    ReplyDelete
  9. Great write-up, I am a big believer in commenting on blogs to inform the blog writers know that they’ve added something worthwhile to the world wide web!.. every door direct mail® postcards for cheap

    ReplyDelete
  10. MMORPG or the Massive Multiple Online Role-Playing Games are an extension of the RPGs where large number of players interacts in an online virtual world. Simulation games create realistic situations in virtual worlds. https://slopeunblock.weebly.com/

    ReplyDelete
  11. Here are some examples of well-known motherboards manufacturers where you can browse for your perfect gaming motherboard: ASUS, ABIT, MSI, XFX, EVGA, Intel, and Gigabyte.
    Best Pickleball Paddles Buying Guide

    ReplyDelete
  12. This game is available on Xbox 360, PS3, and the PC. Gamers are able to play different campaigns in this game including marine, predator, and alien campaigns. Game reviews tell gamers that each campaign average around four hours to complete.https://appmirror.net/

    ReplyDelete
  13. sensory stimulators. In spite of the growing concern about the students' deteriorating attention spans, institutions are incorporating them in the process of classroom learning.
    www.fullgamepc.com/

    ReplyDelete
  14. Anti-Ghosting is a feature whereby missed keypresses are in fact actually recorded and not voided. This happens with multiple keypresses albeit not frequently but without anti-ghosting the keypresses won't be recognized.
    https://unblockedgamesplayer.weebly.com/

    ReplyDelete
  15. There's no better reason to buy laptops belonging to games than playing Undertale! In this charming role-playing game, you're an innocent child fallen into a monster-filled underworld where the only way to survive is quick thinking! buy csgo accounts

    ReplyDelete
  16. After all, it's somewhat easier to have players play by themselves and create a new world or file than it is to pay so many dollars a month or year to host a server, have the troubles of getting and keeping the server up, and then having players actually connect to the server. wii iso

    ReplyDelete
  17. Presently I don't know how comfortable you are with the phrasing that is utilized in the gaming console field, yet beneath is a rundown words that you will run over concerning gaming consoles. https://run3hub.com

    ReplyDelete
  18. Wow i can say that this is another great article as expected of this blog.Bookmarked this site.. Art prints posters

    ReplyDelete
  19. If you are looking for more information about flat rate locksmith Las Vegas check that right away. Empires and Puzzles Cheats

    ReplyDelete
  20. Thanks For sharing this Superb article.I use this Article to show my assignment in college.it is useful For me Great Work. Empires and Puzzles Cheats

    ReplyDelete
  21. This is in large part the most common choice as it is both cost effective and much easier to get started. Only basic knowledge is needed in order to host a server this way. That is why the GSP industry has grown to a 5 million dollar a year industry.minecraft server hosting

    ReplyDelete
  22. Great job for publishing such a beneficial web site. Your web log isn’t only useful but it is additionally really creative too. my game is similar to

    ReplyDelete
  23. This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information. Keep it up. Keep blogging. Looking to reading your next post. softsolutions.tech.blog

    ReplyDelete
  24. This particular is usually apparently essential and moreover outstanding truth along with for sure fair-minded and moreover admittedly useful My business is looking to find in advance designed for this specific useful stuffs… Buying Guide:10 Best Gaming Laptops Under 300

    ReplyDelete
  25. This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. Webdesign

    ReplyDelete
  26. Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site. fortniteway.com

    ReplyDelete
  27. Just admiring your work and wondering how you managed this blog so well. It’s so remarkable that I can't afford to not go through this valuable information whenever I surf the internet!  Seamless gutter company

    ReplyDelete

  28. We should make a plunge directly into what is seen as negative about gaming. 1 스포츠토토 2토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  29. An operator based reproduction is one in which various unmistakable substances known as "specialists" cooperate. This fits the portrayal of most three-dimensional PC games great, where the specialists are vehicles, characters, fireballs, control spots, etc.Simpsons Tapped Out

    ReplyDelete
  30. Thanks for the blog post buddy! Keep them coming... here

    ReplyDelete
  31. I'm a fan of several EA franchises, I enjoy Ubisoft's Assassin's Creed and I'm a die hard Sony PlayStation enthusiast. As their customer, I'm outraged and offended by their current practices. gamepokerqq

    ReplyDelete
  32. Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I'll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon. Big thanks for the useful info. source url

    ReplyDelete
  33. In the event that you will utilize the table a great deal or get an opportunity of beverages and nourishment spilling on the table, you need to ensure that you are going with the best alternative for that.gamepokerqq

    ReplyDelete
  34. One would think that a game engine could be something akin to Apple QuickTime or Microsoft Windows Media Player-a general-purpose piece of software capable of playing virtually any game content imaginable. lol ping test

    ReplyDelete
  35. Select the most authenticated and secure website while playing poker so that if you are playing one that is for real money you will not have your personal information unsecured.우리카지노

    ReplyDelete
  36. Hey what a brilliant post I have come across and believe me I have been searching out for this similar kind of post for past a week and hardly came across this. Thank you very much and will look for more postings from you. domino online

    ReplyDelete
  37. Very informative post! There is a lot of information here that can help any business get started with a successful social networking campaign. https://w88coid.com/cam-nang-ca-do

    ReplyDelete
  38. Great knowledge, do anyone mind merely reference back to it House of Fun Free Coins

    ReplyDelete
  39. Scary games are becoming popular among both teenagers and adults. These games have to be played with a good sound system to derive the complete effect of the game. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  40. Why pay when you can get a Premium Minecraft server configuration ?
    here

    ReplyDelete
  41. I would like to say that this blog really convinced me to do it! Thanks, very good post. mygemfree

    ReplyDelete
  42. I felt exceptionally glad while perusing this site. This was truly exceptionally enlightening site for me. I truly preferred it. This was truly a sincere post. Much obliged!.  먹튀신고

    ReplyDelete
  43. Just pure classic stuff from you here. I have never seen such a brilliantly written article in a long time. I am thankful to you that you produced this! 라이브카지노

    ReplyDelete
  44. I really appreciate the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information that is actually helpful. Good day! soxo minhngoc

    ReplyDelete
  45. Great job for publishing such a beneficial web site. Your web log isn’t only useful but it is additionally really creative too. slots 786

    ReplyDelete
  46. Friend, this web site might be fabolous, i just like it. ui/ux design agency sf

    ReplyDelete
  47. Really a great addition. I have read this marvelous post. Thanks for sharing information about it. I really like that. Thanks so lot for your convene. ux agency sf

    ReplyDelete
  48. Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work. more info

    ReplyDelete
  49. Most notable is Electronic Arts(EA), who became the first publisher to institute the practice of charging gamers, who bought used games, a fee to access codes that come with the game. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  50. Nonetheless, these pedals can without much of a stretch be balanced at statures moreover. pubg service

    ReplyDelete
  51. To put it in simpler terms, pests cause problems. They can ruin your lawn, your electronic devices along with your food, among others. In case you are experiencing an infestation... Business

    ReplyDelete
  52. WIN ONLINE CASINO AGENCY. Ltd.

    "Future of gambling in world" - Make Every game exciting and more entertaining
    and win real cash money with the knowledge you have about the gambling.

    Challenge your friends, Family and colleagues in 6 simple steps

    1. Connect the website from the below links

    Website: https://bcc777.com

    Website: https://dewin999.com

    Website: https://bigwin365.com

    Website: https://bewin777.com

    Website: https://ktwin247.com

    2. Choice online casino agency what you like and playing.

    3. Register with your id for contact details.

    4. Log in the website and join then deposit cash.

    5. ENJOY your GAME, Withraw your cash if you're the win game.

    6. Be a winner with WIN ONLINE CASINO AGENCY

    THANK YOU FOR READING

    ReplyDelete
  53. A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing this data. I truly like your blog entry definitely. You have truly shared an enlightening and fascinating blog entry with individuals.. Judi Bola

    ReplyDelete
  54. . Most experts concur that sooner rather than later,apk mods a normal client would have the option to have considerably more intelligence and enjoyment inside the portable itself.

    ReplyDelete
  55. It is my first visit to your blog, and I am very impressed with the articles that you serve. Give adequate knowledge for me. Thank you for sharing useful material. I will be back for the more great post. sa gaming

    ReplyDelete
  56. I’m going to read this. I’ll be sure to come back. thanks for sharing. and also This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality.
    this is very nice one and gives indepth information. thanks for this nice article... 웹툰추천



    ReplyDelete
  57. What should I do with my 401(k)?
    Watching your balance go up and down can be scary.온라인슬롯 You may be wondering if you should decrease your contributions모두카지노 — don’t! If your employer matches any part of your contributions, 슬롯사이트make sure you’re at least saving as much as you can to get that “free money.”

    ReplyDelete
  58. i really like this article please keep it up. Gogy games

    ReplyDelete
  59. I have bookmarked your blog, the articles are way better than other similar blogs.. thanks for a great blog! Friv2020

    ReplyDelete
  60. This particular is usually apparently essential and moreover outstanding truth along with for sure fair-minded and moreover admittedly useful My business is looking to find in advance designed for this specific useful stuffs… Shadow Fight 3 Mod Apk

    ReplyDelete
  61. More than 온라인카지노 people across the globe have died from COVID-19, the disease caused by the new respiratory virus, according to data compiled by the Center for 카지노사이트 Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins 온라인슬롯사이트 . The actual numbers are believed to be much higher due to testing shortages, many unreported cases and suspicions that some governments are hiding the scope of their nations' outbreaks.

    ReplyDelete
  62. https://nepmod.com/dls-2020-mod-apk/

    ReplyDelete
  63. Thank you for sharing, https://gameschurch.com/ the company designed the game useful. Raid Shadow Legends Mod Apk

    ReplyDelete
  64. Of course, you can have both casino accounts at the same time if you want, it's won't against any terms and conditions.먹튀

    ReplyDelete
  65. You there, this is really good post here. Thanks for taking the time to post such valuable information. Quality content is what always gets the visitors coming. Poker Blog

    ReplyDelete
  66. I admit, I have not been on this web page in a long time... however it was another joy to see It is such an important topic and ignored by so many, even professionals. I thank you to help making people more aware of possible issues. Game Slot

    ReplyDelete
  67. Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing... Warframe source

    ReplyDelete

  68. Slot machines are a lot of fun, 온라인카지노
    a lot of people enjoy it,
    슬롯사이트
    experience them on your 모바일카지노
    computer and mobile, and 카지노사이트
    you can get a 바카라사이트 bonus here.

    ReplyDelete
  69. Thank you for all information that you give, it is really interesting as an article.

    welcome to the online gaming world..
    www.myownrank.com

    ReplyDelete
  70. i am browsing this website dailly , and get nice facts from here all the time .

    ReplyDelete
  71. I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website. agen slot online terpercaya

    ReplyDelete
  72. i am browsing this website dailly , and get nice facts from here all the time .

    ReplyDelete
  73. Cool stuff you have got and you keep update all of us. Situs Slot Online

    ReplyDelete
  74. You there, this is great post here. A debt of gratitude is in order for setting aside the effort to post such important data. Quality substance is the thing that consistently gets the guests coming. buy csgo account

    ReplyDelete
  75. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  76. Pretty good post. I just found an article which also makes me really enjoy reading the article at jackpot idn poker terbaik

    ReplyDelete
  77. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  78. i never know the use of adobe shadow until i saw this post. thank you for this! this is very helpful. http://202.95.10.85

    ReplyDelete
  79. I appreciate everything you have added to my knowledge base.Admiring the time and effort you put into your blog and detailed information you offer.Thanks. แทงบอลออนไลน์

    ReplyDelete

  80. Hello, I am Busan Office.
    Best site best experience!
    This is Busan Office. We look forward to your love.

    부산오피
    busanop.com

    ReplyDelete
  81. This particular papers fabulous, and My spouse and i enjoy each of the perform that you have placed into this. I’m sure that you will be making a really useful place. I has been additionally pleased. Good perform! AndyMod

    ReplyDelete
  82. You will locate that many charge cards will respect an installment to a web betting site as a loan.바카라사이트

    ReplyDelete
  83. Wow, cool post. I’d like to write like this too – taking time and real hard work to make a great article… but I put things off too much and never seem to get started. Thanks though. bandarq online

    ReplyDelete
  84. Hey what a brilliant post I have come across and believe me I have been searching out for this similar kind of post for past a week and hardly came across this. Thank you very much and will look for more postings from you.
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online
    QQ Online

    ReplyDelete
  85. Good day! I'd like to follow you if that would be ok.
    I'm definitely enjoying your web site and look forward to new updates.
    my web page
    토토사이트 검증

    ReplyDelete
  86. Threesome websites hope that we do the best and the most real reviews and help more singles & couples can find their potential partners near them. threesome dating

    ReplyDelete
  87. Both of them have a lot similarities and differences, here we analyze the two websites from several different focuses so that people can understand which one site is better for threesome dating find a woman for threesome

    ReplyDelete
  88. You can make outrageous bets and use crazy strategies with 'play' money but you only start earning your poker stripes the hard way when you play online poker for real money. situs bandarq

    ReplyDelete
  89. I am impressed. I don't think Ive met anyone who knows as much about this subject as you do. You are truly well informed and very intelligent. You wrote something that people could understand and made the subject intriguing for everyone. Really, great blog you have got here. dominoqq

    ReplyDelete
  90. I have read all the comments and suggestions posted by the visitors for this article are very fine,We will wait for your next article so only.Thanks! poker online

    ReplyDelete
  91. AFK Arena tier list of all the heroes of the game. The ratings are split into different levels of characters. Each character is rated based on its usefulness in various types of content. It includes PvE, PvP, a Maze, 2 Guild Bosses, and the Labyrinth (relic content).
    Heroes are divided into different lists based on their strength at certain levels. This varies significantly due to the enhancement of skills. Descriptions of all abilities are also summarized properly; read ahead!
    Read more about AFK Arena tier list 

    ReplyDelete
  92. If you are passionate about Dragon Ball games for Android, then we are sure that Dragon Ball Z Dokkan Battle is what you have already played. Especially considering that a few years ago, it already positioned as Top #1 of the most successful games in the Play Store, with millions of downloads. However, another title from the same company that seems to have come to stay for long. It has only been with us for a few years and has already hooked millions of players. Yes, we are talking about Dragon Ball Legends, and today we will show you all Dragon Ball Legends tier list!
    check DB Legends tier list.
    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  93. It really is thought that time frame is an essential aspect in every person’s life along with this amazing view, the customers can assume fast distribution solutions from the internet site. Additionally, the help provided runescape 2007 gold by this excellent website are considered extremely certified offering the online players a pool of choices to select from.

    ReplyDelete
  94. Gaming is the perfect therapy to relax your mind. and as you describe your five points of gaming strategies is a really good. thank you for sharing :)

    ReplyDelete
  95. Avid gamers even require classic wow gold in the game which can be easily obtainable in the particular gameplay. As needed, intrigued men and women could click here or pay a visit to our recognized website to understand about classic wow gold. Players get the chance to receive the digital currency without having to pay any specific fee in the game merely by performing missions, busting enemies, classic wow gold selling not needed products, and much more.

    ReplyDelete
  96. Some people can go for games involving stock markets that implement the actual concepts needed to be able to go about the stock market in the real world. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  97. It should be noted that whilst ordering papers for sale at paper writing service, you can get unkind attitude. In case you feel that the bureau is trying to cheat you, don't buy term paper from it. promo judi slot

    ReplyDelete
  98. Hey, I love jewellery, its shine and glamorous look, so I am writing my own blog- come and check my latest publications about diamond engagement rings!

    ReplyDelete
  99. 온라인 카지노 https://www.geo777.com
    바카라사이트 https://www.geo777.com
    메이저놀이터 https://solution-casino.com
    메이저 안전놀이터 https://solution-casino.com

    ReplyDelete
  100. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  101. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  102. Hi, i love games and jewellery, now running my own blog- check it out guys
    best diamond engagement rings (secretwater.com.au)
    diamond engagement rings

    ReplyDelete
  103. It is a pity that the games do not have detailed drawn rings, I would marry someone for a diamond engagement rings engagement rings lol

    ReplyDelete
  104. It was simply worth full, Got something good today, I will request you to keep writing and sharing with your reader. Your reader will upvote which in return a reward for you.
    I will book mark so that I don’t miss anything in future.

    AFK Arena is an epic role-playing game with amazing stories, exciting adventures, and gorgeous rewards. You can build your army of heroes and send it to new achievements every day to earn the greatest wealth. Wander through the dark labyrinths in search of treasures, fight with their defenders, and get well-deserved rewards. You can download the AFK Arena MOD APK from the link given!

    ReplyDelete
  105. csgo prime accounts
    csgo high tier aaccounts
    buy csgo medal accounts
    buy csgo smurf accounts
    buy csgo high tier accounts


    https://waytosmurf.com/product-category/high-tier-prime-accounts/

    ReplyDelete
  106. Software development
    website development

    https://wyskod.com/website-design-development-services/

    ReplyDelete
  107. Hey, I really like this blog and it was very helpful for me to thank you so much. Also, check out our blog. MX Player Pro Mod APK

    ReplyDelete
  108. If you are a casino fan, it's time to take a try on it and enjoy the online casino gaming experience directly from your desktop. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete